If either Barack Obama or Hillary Clinton wins the net presidential election, there is going to be a radical change at least in the current size of American troop presence in Iraq. But if John McCain were to win, the present U.S. commitment would remain the same or would even increase. But the bottom line regarding Iraq is that making a clean break from there is well nigh impossible for America. At least three explanations are being offered for not getting out of Iraq. The first one is that the terrorist-extremists would takeover Iraq. The second one is that America’s withdrawal means its defeat and soiling of its reputation as hegemon (not used pejoratively here). And that such an eventuality would permanently damage its presence and interests in that region. Finally, it is argued that America’s withdrawal from Iraq would lead to an immense boosting of Iran’s clout and influence in the Middle East. A closer look at these explanations is in order.
Continue reading “Iraq: Breaking Up is Hard to Do”
Iran and the United States have been indulging in a regular exercise of “mutual satanization,” a phrase coined by Rouhollah K. Ramazani, Professor Emeritus of University of Virginia. Mutual satanization is referred to an endless rhetoric of mutual demonization. Iran adopted that policy in the aftermath of the Islamic Revolution of 1979. The United States also implemented an analogous policy during the administration of President Jimmy Carter. It was during that time that the Iranian revolution took place. The highly turbulent relationship between United States and Iran during the revolution and, most important, Carter’s inability to gain the release of American hostages taken by the Iranian revolutionary zealots, set the ostensibly permanent context of the relationship. Iran’s own anti-Americanism was the result of the Anglo-American sponsored coup of 1953 that ousted a nationalist government of Premier Mohammad Musaddeq and brought back Mohammad Reza as the pro-American Shah of Iran. Since then both sides are practicing the policies of mutual satanization.
Continue reading “Rhetorical Wars Without An End: U.S.-Iran Practice of “Mutual Satanization””
In the context of civilizational history, the rise of the West is one of the oldest events. The old colonial powers declined; some of them slid into the category of “former great powers” (France, Germany and arguably Spain and Italy); and others, like Britain – realizing that it could never be a power of global influence again – found its niche as America’s sidekick.
The European Union has emerged as a club that contains a number of former colonial powers and an entity that is attempting to act as a “great power”. The former Soviet Union imploded, and Russia, as its chief successor, is still tying to find its identity, both as a great power and as a hybrid of democracy and authoritarianism.
Continue reading “The Mythical Post-American Era”
The United States has carried out a missile attack on an Islamic School founded by Jalaluddin Haqqani, whom Washington describes as a “friend of Bin Laden.” The speculations are that the missile attack was aimed at killing a number of Uzbek and Arab fighters who were reportedly using that school as a sanctuary. However, the missile also struck Haqqani’s family home, killing his sister, sister-in-law and two nieces. This is just a preliminary report on civilian casualties.
Haqqani is reportedly in poor health, but his son Sirajuddin Haqqani is reported to be leading the forces fighting the ISAF in Afghanistan.
From the U.S. vantage point, given the rising surge of the Taliban forces in Afghanistan, such a strike is clearly aimed at changing the tide of war in favor of the ISAF forces. From the perspective of the fledgling civilian government of Pakistan, the continued U.S. missile attacks are going to raise the level of turbulence inside that country.
We are told that the new Pakistani leadership is “quietly” in favor of the U.S. attack while publicly condemning it. If true, that open secret–since it is being discussed in the Pakistani press as well–is likely to bring down the civilian government before too long. In the Northwestern Frontier Province, the banners clamoring for “Go Musharraf” have already been replaced by the banners demanding “Go America, Go Zardari.” And Asif Ali Zardari, a supposed pro-American leader, was sworn in as President only yesterday.